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Regulating macrophages in heart disease - targeting new hormone receptor pathways

Description 
The mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) is an established therapeutic target for heart disease. However current drugs are not selective for the heart and disease pathways and cause side effects by blocking the receptor in other tissues where the MR regulates physiological sodium, potassium and fluid balance and thus blood pressure control. Work from this lab has shown the MR also regulates non-epithelial cell types including inflammatory cells such as macrophages. In animal models, cardiac fibrosis is caused by mineralocorticoid/salt administration and attenuated by MR blockade or gene knockout (deletion) of the MR In macrophages. The recent identification of the cardio-protective effects of macrophage-specific deletion of the MR is an exciting advance in our understanding of disease processes and highlights new therapeutic targets that could lead to new treatments for the treatment of cardiac failure and hypertension that are specifically designed for macrophages. In these cells, the actions of the MR are not completely characterised but in many cases do not relate to salt or fluid regulation. At present, the cascade of events leading to MR activation and how MR activation results in inflammation and fibrosis are not clearly defined. The goal of this project is to identify novel pathways using proteomic and genomic screening technologies and to define and characterise these pathways. This study will use a range of human and primary cells, animal tissue samples and clinical samples (where possible) to identify novel pathways regulating MR actions. Bioinformatic analyses of large clinical databases will be involved. In this way, we hope to identify novel mechanisms of heart disease, determine the optimal way to treat patients and avoid the serious side effects of current treatments. Techniques involved: tissue culture, cytokine assays, RTPCR, western blot, bioinformatics, FACS
Essential criteria: 
Minimum entry requirements can be found here: https://www.monash.edu/admissions/entry-requirements/minimum
Keywords 
Mechanisms of heart disease, steroid hormone action, fibrosis, monocytes, macrophages
Available options 
PhD/Doctorate
Masters by research
Masters by coursework
Honours
Time commitment 
Full-time
Part-time
Top-up scholarship funding available 
No
Physical location 
Baker Institute
Co-supervisors 
Dr 
TBC
(External)

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